The incumbent, Donald Trump of the Republican party will go head-to-head with Joe Biden of the Democratic Party.
As it’s known with many democracies internationally with reference to utilizing a easy majority to declare winners of elections, it’s barely totally different with the United States.
The US makes use of what’s broadly known as the Electoral College system. This system determines the President of the United States not by a majority.
Here’s the way it works:
Voters within the US really vote for electors appointed by their state’s political events who’re pledged to support that party’s candidate and never straight for the primary candidates.
Each candidate needs 270 electoral votes to win, subsequently, the focus goes to some key battleground states to decide the winner.
US Presidential election 2020: Americans choose between Trump and Biden
There are 538 electors within the electoral school: one for every member of the House of Representatives, two per senator, and three allotted to the District of Columbia by way of the twenty second Amendment.
So, after voters forged their ballots (and after governors of the states certify the tallies and electoral lists), the electors then meet in December of their respective states. At that point, they then formally vote for president and vice chairman. Members of the House and Senate then meet in January to take an official tally of these votes.
Generally, states award all their electoral school votes to whoever won the ballot of atypical voters within the state.
For instance, if a candidate wins 50.1% of the vote in Texas, they’re awarded all of the state’s 38 electoral votes. Alternatively, a candidate might win by a landslide and nonetheless decide up the identical number of electoral votes.
It’s subsequently doable for a candidate to turn out to be president by successful a number of tight races in sure states, regardless of having fewer votes throughout the nation.
This is why presidential candidates target particular “swing states” – states the place the vote might go both means – somewhat than attempting to win over as many citizens as doable throughout the nation.
Every state they win will get them nearer to the 270 electoral school votes they need.